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Cleft lip and palate:

A cleft lip is a physical split or separation of the two sides of the upper lip and appears as a narrow opening or gap in the skin of the upper lip. A cleft palate is a split or opening in the roof of the mouth. A cleft palate can involve the hard palate and/or the soft palate. Cleft lip and cleft palate can occur on one or both sides of the mouth. Since the lip and the palate develop separately, it is possible to have a cleft lip without a cleft palate, a cleft palate without a cleft lip, or both a cleft lip and cleft palate together.

Cleft lip and palate are caused by abnormal facial development during gestation and it affects the upper lip and the roof of the mouth. There are many causes of cleft lip and palate. Problems with genes passed down from one or both parents, drugs, viruses, or other toxins can all cause these birth defects. Cleft lip and palate may occur along with other syndromes or birth defects. A cleft lip and palate can affect the appearance of the face, may lead to problems with feeding and speech or ear infections.
A physical examination of the mouth, nose, and palate confirms a cleft lip or cleft palate. Medical tests may be done to rule out other possible health conditions. A cleft lip or palate can be successfully treated with surgery, especially so if conducted soon after birth or in early childhood. Surgery to close the cleft lip is often done when the child is between 6 weeks and 9 months old. Surgery may be needed later in life if the problem has a big effect on the nose area. A cleft palate is usually closed within the first year of life and the child's speech develops normally. Sometimes a prosthetic device is temporarily used to close the palate so the baby can feed and grow until surgery can be done. Surgery to repair a cleft of any kind is a highly individualized procedure that's intended to not only closes the defect, but also to insure your child's ability to function and grow normally. Cleft lip repair, also called cheiloplasty, includes reconstruction of a more normal appearance.

For cleft lip surgery, the surgeon will trim the tissues and sew the lip together. The stitches will be very small and very small to be visible. Most of the stitches will absorb into the tissue as the scar heals, so they will not have to be removed later. During these procedures, a rhinoplasty is also carried out to repair the nose of the child.

Some of the risks include: Bleeding, infection, poor healing of incisions, irregular healing of scars, residual irregularities and asymmetries, anesthesia risks, allergies to tape, suture materials and glues, blood products, topical preparations or injected agents or damage to deeper structures.
Cosmetic Surgery in India
Taking a major life decision to make changes to your body using cosmetic surgery is one that takes careful consideration and research.
Cosmetic Surgery Success Rate
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Cosmetic Surgery Cost in India
The cost of cosmetic surgery in India is much lower than what aesthetic surgeries cost in the United States, the United Kingdom and other First World countries. The costs of cosmetic surgery in India are lower because living in India is considerably inexpensive compared to living in the developed countries.
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