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Skin graft:

There has been great progress in the development of artificial skin replacement products in recent years. Although nothing works as well as the patient's own skin, artificial skin products are important due to the limitation of available skin for allografting in severely burned patients. Unlike allographs and xenographs, artificial skin replacements are not rejected by the patient's body and actually encourage the generation of new tissue. Artificial skin usually consists of a synthetic epidermis and a collagen-based dermis.

Skin grafting is a type of graft surgery in which a skin or a skin substitute is placed over a burn or non-healing wound. A skin graft either permanently replaces the damaged or missing skin or provides a temporary wound covering. This covering is necessary because the skin protects the body from fluid loss, aids in temperature regulation, and helps prevent disease-causing bacteria or viruses from entering the body. Skin that is damaged extensively by burns or non-healing wounds can compromise the health and well-being of the patient. Skin grafting is generally not used for first- or second-degree burns, which generally heal with little or no scarring. Skin grafting is sometimes done as part of elective plastic surgery procedures, but its most extensive use is in the treatment of burns. Skin Grafting is a useful way to prevent infection and further progression of the wounds, such as diabetic ulcers, venous ulcers, pressure sores, after removal of skin tumor, Full Thickness Burns and deep lacerations. It is extremely crucial to match the color of the skin from the donor site to the recipient site to reduce the chances of a patchy appearance.
The transplanted tissue is called a skin graft. Skin grafting is often used to treat extensive wounding, trauma or burns. Specific surgeries like removal of skin cancers may require skin grafts for healing to occur. Surgical removal of the damaged skin is followed by skin grafting. The grafting reduces the course of treatment needed and improves the function and appearance of the area of the body which receives the skin graft. There are two types of skin grafts, the more common type is a thin layer removed from a healthy part of the body or a full thickness skin graft. A full thickness skin graft may get rejected by the body.

Skin Flap Grafting is used to repair large wounds and defects by dissecting out and freeing the skin, underlying muscle and tissues from the area adjacent to the wound. These Skin Flap Grafts can then be rotated and stitched over the wound to fill the defect and replace the lost tissue.

Once a skin graft has been put in place, it must be maintained carefully even after it has healed. Grafts on other areas of the body should be similarly supported after healing to decrease the amount of contracture. Grafted skin does not contain sweat or oil glands, and should be lubricated daily for two to three months with mineral oil or another bland oil to prevent drying and cracking. Post surgery care with severe burns typically includes psychological or psychiatric counseling as well as wound care and physical rehabilitation. The severe pain and lengthy period of recovery involved in burn treatment are often accompanied by anxiety and depression.

Most skin grafts are successful, but in some cases they do not heal well and require repeat grafting. Several factors play a key role in determining the success or failure of Skin Flap Grafting procedure, some of which include: Recipient site, donor site, vascularity of graft etc. Overall health, smoking, any medical conditions like diabetes, hypertension, scarring due to previous surgical procedure or any past injuries can have effect on the success of the procedure.

Complications for the skin graft surgery are: Bleeding, infection, loss of grafted skin, nerve damage or graft-versus-host disease. The risks of an allograft procedure include transmission of an infectious disease from the donor. The tissue for grafting and the recipient site must be as sterile as possible to prevent later infection that could result in failure of the graft. The most common reason for graft failure is the formation of a hematoma, or collection of blood in the injured tissues.

Patients with less severe burns are usually treated in a doctor's office or a hospital emergency room. A surgical team that specializes in burn treatment and skin grafts will perform the necessary procedures. The team may include neurosurgeons, ophthalmologists, oral surgeons, thoracic surgeons, psychiatrists, and trauma specialists as well as plastic surgeons and dermatologists.


Autoplasty is a surgical procedure in which tissue required for repair or reconstruction is taken from the patient's own body. The process of taking donor material from the patient is known as an "autograft," Autografts are taken from the recipient, allografts are taken from a donor of the same species and xenografts are taken from a donor of a different species.

Cosmetic Surgery in India
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Cosmetic Surgery Success Rate
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The cost of cosmetic surgery in India is much lower than what aesthetic surgeries cost in the United States, the United Kingdom and other First World countries. The costs of cosmetic surgery in India are lower because living in India is considerably inexpensive compared to living in the developed countries.
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